Vol. XXXVIII No. 2

“One Country Two Systems” as Bedrock of Hong Kong’s Continued Success: Fiction or Reality?

Abstract: Despite the handover of sovereignty over Hong Kong from the United Kingdom to China in 1997, the principles of “one country two systems” reaffirmed the autonomy of Hong Kong in a number of respects. In accordance with the Sino-British Joint Declaration and Basic Law of Hong Kong, the city is able to enjoy a […]

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Dynamics of Belgian Plurinational Federalism: A Small State Under Pressure

Abstract: This Essay outlines the dynamics of Belgian plurinational federalism. It focuses on the major driving forces of Belgian federalism by identifying the sources of change and instability, which are reshaping the institutional and constitutional layers of Belgian federalism. It then analyzes the recent Reform of the State before reviewing the indirect and direct sources […]

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Constitutional Conventions in the Digital Era: Lessons from Iceland and Ireland

Abstract: Mechanisms of constitutional development have recently attracted significant attention, specifically, instances where popular involvement was central to the constitutional change. Examples include attempts by British Columbia, the Netherlands, and Ontario at electoral reform, in addition to the more sweeping reforms sought in Iceland and Ireland. Each of these countries’ attempts exemplifies varied innovative avenues […]

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Piecemeal Freedom: Why the Headscarf Ban Remains in Place in Turkey

Abstract: The intersection of religion and politics has always been a volatile subject in Turkey. From the first years of the Republic to the present day, political leaders have had to balance the secular interests of the state with the religious beliefs of the public. Historically, it has been the religious public who has carried […]

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The Art of Atonement: How Mandated Transparency Can Help Return Masterpieces Lost During World War II

Abstract: Sixty years after the end of World War II much of the artwork looted or forcibly sold during the war has yet to be returned to its rightful owners. One of the primary problems encountered by individuals pursuing claims is that it is difficult to locate the necessary documentation on provenance. Organizations with information […]

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A Nation Going Under: Legal Protection for “Climate Change Refugees”

Abstract: Climate change-related disasters displace millions of people each year. Small island states in the Pacific have become emblematic of the problem because they are among the most impacted and the most vulnerable. Often portrayed by global media as drowning beneath the sea, these states are struggling for their very survival. Many of their residents […]

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